Glossary of terms

420-Cannabis Culture

Named for a group of university students who congregated outside their school to smoke at 4:20 pm as well as for the California Senate Bill, Bill 420, which clarified The Compassionate Use Act. 420 is a coded term that has become associated with cannabis consumption.

[collapse]

420 Evaluation

This is a coded term for a medical marijuana evaluation by a doctor. A 420 evaluation is required before a patient can be classified as a medical marijuana patient in California and Nevada. 420 evaluations may be obtained online or in person. The evaluation must be conducted by a physician who is licensed to practice in the state. Under Senate Bill 420, a doctor’s recommendation identifies an individual as a medical marijuana patient in both California and Nevada.

[collapse]

A


Access Point

Any place where medical marijuana can be obtained from a licensed provider such as a co-op or dispensary is referred to as an access point.

[collapse]

Accessory Cannabinoids

These include CBC, CBD, CBG, and CBN as well as other cannabinoids that do not contain THC. These cannabinoids interact with THC to produce a more potent medicinal effect.

[collapse]

Accrediting Body - California Law

An organization that is a signatory for Laboratory Accreditation Cooperation Mutual Recognition Arrangement for Testing and conforms to ISO/IEC 17025. These organizations are considered nonprofit.

[collapse]

Alcohol Extraction

The use of isopropyl or ethyl alcohol to extract concentrate from the marijuana bud. The process allows for the preservation of cannabinoids.

[collapse]

Attending Physician - California Law

The licensed doctor who has formally taken responsibility for the medical care, referral, diagnosis and counseling of a patient. The attending physician may assess a patient’s symptoms and decide whether marijuana is an appropriate treatment.

[collapse]

Auxin

A plant growth hormone that is either naturally released by the plant or synthetically added to promote growth.

[collapse]

B


Bacterial Blight

A condition caused by bacteria with negative effects on cannabis plants.

[collapse]

Bag Seed

A seed of cannabis with an undocumented origin.

[collapse]

Batch - California Law

A specific quantity of product that is produced by the same manufacturer and meant to have the same characteristics.

[collapse]

BC Bud

Essentially, a bud from British Columbia, Canada. These buds are considered to have better quality properties and higher THC concentration.

[collapse]

BHO or Butane Hash Oil

A waxy cannabis extract. The butane cannabis is made more concentrated by using butane- a highly flammable liquid.

[collapse]

Biodegradable

A substance that can, over time, be degraded by natural means.

[collapse]

Black Hash

Derived from Middle Eastern, sometimes specifically Afghani-based cannabis.

[collapse]

Bloom Booster

Used to promote the growth of flowers and increase harvest volume.

[collapse]

Breed

The deliberate crossing of male and female plants to ensure better stock and buds.

[collapse]

Bud

Traditionally, a cannabis flower, but can also refer to stems. The nature and status of the bud can help determine THC concentration and overall medicinal use.

[collapse]

Bud Blight / Rot

Bacteria, mold and other entities that can negatively affect, and possibly destroy plants.

[collapse]

Budtender

A dispensary employee who is knowledgeable about products.

[collapse]

Bureau - California Law

Pertains to the Bureau of Medical Marijuana Regulation.

[collapse]

C


California Proposition 215

Allowed for the medical use of cannabis in California. Also known as The Compassionate Use Act.

[collapse]

Cannabaceae

A family of plants that includes cannabis.

[collapse]

Cannabichromene – CBC

A non-psychoactive cannabinoid with medicinal properties.

[collapse]

Cannabidiol – CBD

A non-psychoactive drug with extremely low toxicity. This is considered to be the second most abundant cannabinoid in North America with a structure similar to THC. While it is considered a Schedule 1 Drug by the federal government, research shows that CBC can be helpful to treat a number of conditions.

[collapse]

Cannabinoid - California Law

A chemical compound that is derived from cannabis.

[collapse]

Cannabinoid Profile

An extensive laboratory test that measures potency and quantity of cannabinoids in a given marijuana strain. The most common goal of the profile is to establish or verify CBD:THC ratios.

[collapse]

Cannabinoids

Are compounds that are found in cannabis. Most often, these are THC and CBD. Cannabinoids mimic the body’s natural endocannabinoids and stimulate CB1 and CB2 receptors.

[collapse]

Cannabis

A subgroup of the Cannabaceae family. This is the scientific name for marijuana.

[collapse]

Cannabis Concentrate

A cannabinoid that has been manufactured for increased potency.

[collapse]

Cannabis Product

Any product that contains cannabis as defined under Prop 215.

[collapse]

CB1

A receptor that can be affected by THC. When stimulated, CB1 receptors produce psychoactive effects and are involved with sleep, memory, appetite, mood, and pain.

[collapse]

CB2

A receptor that can be affected by cannabinoids. CB2 receptors are involved in inflammatory and immune responses.

[collapse]

Certificate of Accreditation

A document issued as proof of registration with the state. The document can be issued to any entity that has been approved and registered.

[collapse]

Chief - California Law

A position within the Department of Consumer Affairs. Also known as the Chief of Bureau of Medical Marijuana Regulation.

[collapse]

Chimera

A plant that is created from at least two parents that are genetically different.

[collapse]

Clone

A plant that is self-propagated. This is done via asexual reproduction and results in a genetically identical plant.

[collapse]

Co-op or Cooperative

A group that is legally allowed to access or grow marijuana in a specified location. Per California law, co-ops may only service medical patients.

[collapse]

Commercial Cannabis Activity - California Law

Defined by Section 19319, this pertains to any activity involving cannabis including growing, sale, distribution, possession, etc.

[collapse]

Concentrates

Cannabis extracts that are specifically designed with high amounts of cannabinoids. The process involves dissolving buds in a non-toxic solvent such as olive oil or ethanol.

[collapse]

Cottonmouth

A colloquial term used to describe a sensation of dryness in the mouth which can be alleviated by drinking water. Cottonmouth is not a serious side effect of some cannabis strains.

[collapse]

Cross (genetics)

Intentional breeding of two different strains.

[collapse]

Crystals

Used to describe cannabis flower’s trichomes. Some potent trichomes may, in fact, crystalize.

[collapse]

D


Delivery - California Law

Defined as the commercial transfer of medical cannabis as defined by Section 11362.7 of the Health and Safety Code.

[collapse]

Diesel

A pungent, Sativa-dominant, strain from New England. The strain has a THC content of around 20%.

[collapse]

Dispensary

A medicinal cannabis supply facility where patients may legally access cannabis.

[collapse]

Distribution - California Law

Refers to the transport, sale or procurement of medical cannabis products.

[collapse]

Distributor - California Law

A licensed individual who may legally distribute cannabis.

[collapse]

Ditch weed

A plant similar to hemp that is found in the wild. Ditch weed is named for its tendency to grow in ditches.

[collapse]

Dose

Refers to an amount of substance that is used during processing or in the treatment of an illness. The dose often refers to the amount of THC measured in mg that is given to a medical marijuana patient.

[collapse]

Dried Flower - California Law

A cannabis flower that has been processed, harvested or dried and does not contain leaves or stems.

[collapse]

Dry sieve Hash

A cannabinoid product that is prepared using vibrating screens. The plant material is pressed into cakes or kief and can contain around 50-60% THC.

[collapse]

E


E-nail

A device used to heat cannabis concentrates.

[collapse]

Edible Cannabis Product - California Law

Cannabis products that are manufactured for oral consumption as defined by California Health and Safety Codes. This also includes chewing gum.

[collapse]

Edibles

Either food or beverages that contain some form of cannabis.

[collapse]

Endocannabinoid

A cannabinoid that is naturally produced in the human body.

[collapse]

Endocannabinoid system (ECS)

A group of receptors that are naturally found in the human brain and nervous system. The primary ECS receptors are CB1, which modulates a variety of bodily functions including appetite, and CB2 which modulates immunity.

[collapse]

Entourage Effect

A phenomenon that occurs when natural cannabis, especially one which contains 1:1 CBD and THC, works better than synthetic or high percentage THC strains.

[collapse]

F


Fan Leaves

Large marijuana leaves that are typically low in potency. Fan leaves are associated with the Indica strain.

[collapse]

Flowering Stage

The last stage in the life cycle of cannabis that is focused on reproduction which results in the plant producing as many flowers as possible. Non-pollinated female flowers tend to contain higher THC and cannabinoid concentration.

[collapse]

Foot-Candle – FC

A unit measurement of light that is used in cannabis production.

[collapse]

Fund - California Law

Per section 19351, this refers to the Medical Marijuana Regulation and Safety Act Fund.

[collapse]

G


Ganja

Essentially cannabis in Hindu.

[collapse]

Green Out

A state of anxiety, fear, and paranoia caused by overconsumption of cannabis products.

[collapse]

Grinders

Tools for breaking apart marijuana leaves. A grinder is composed of metal blades and a screen that allows for the collection of fine trichomes.

[collapse]

Grower’s Recommendation

A former document that allows medical marijuana patients to grow marijuana plants. The recommendation allows the grower to cultivate up to 99 plants possessing 8 oz unless otherwise specified.

[collapse]

H


Half

A colloquial term for half an ounce, or 14 grams, of cannabis.

[collapse]

Hash Oil

An oil that is extracted from cannabis and is high in THC.

[collapse]

Haze

A famous family of cannabis strains that is named after the Haze brothers. The Haze strain is particularly effective for mood disorders.

[collapse]

Heirloom

A strain of cannabis that is propagated outside its country of origin.

[collapse]

Hemp

A type of cannabis Sativa that has very low levels of THC. Hemp has been used primarily as a textile- especially for the military.

[collapse]

Honey Oil

Another term used to describe Hash Oil.

[collapse]

Hybrid

A plant that is the offspring of two different breeds. For instance, a plant that is a combination of Sativa and Indica.

[collapse]

I


Identification Card Marijuana - California Law

A legal document that identifies the holder as a medical marijuana patient.

[collapse]

Identification Program - California Law

A nonmandatory program that allows for quick identification of medical cannabis users.

[collapse]

Indica

One of the major species of cannabis. Indica is characterized by short stature and broad leaves. The effects of Indica promote sedation.

[collapse]

ISO Hash Oil – QWISO

Hash oil that is produced with isopropyl alcohol. Because isopropyl alcohol has a slight toxicity, ethanol is often used as the solvent.

[collapse]

J


Joint

Cannabis that has been ground and rolled into paper. The typical joint contains about 1 gram of marijuana.

[collapse]

K


Kief

Trichrome crystals that have been harvested from marijuana flowers. Kief crystals are then compressed to create hashish.

[collapse]

Kif

A mix of marijuana and Moroccan tobacco.

[collapse]

Kush

A strain of Indica that is originally from the Hindu Kush mountains.

[collapse]

L


Landrace

Refers to cannabis that has been growing naturally in the wild. Ladrace plants tend to have high CBD content and lower THC values compared to cultivated plants.

[collapse]

Leggy

A term used to describe tall cannabis plants. Leggy plants often have long stems and few leaves.

[collapse]

License Classifications Marijuana - California Law

Twelve classifications that allow users to cultivate, manufacture, dispense and transport marijuana.

[collapse]

Licensed Marijuana Doctor

A D.O or MD who is legally licensed to practice in the state of California and who is knowledgeable about the applications of medical marijuana in disease treatment.

[collapse]

Licensee - California Law

An individual who is licensed by the state for commercial cannabis activities.

[collapse]

Local License - California Law

A legal document assigned by local jurisdiction to authorize a person for commercial cannabis activities.

[collapse]

Local Permit - California Law

An official document assigned by local jurisdiction to authorize a person for commercial cannabis activities.

[collapse]

Lot (Cannabis) - California Law

A batch, or part of a batch that has the same characteristics and qualities.

[collapse]

M


Manufactured Cannabis - California Law

Refers to cannabis that has been transformed into a concentrate, edible or topical product.

[collapse]

Manufacturer - California Law

An individual, licensed by local officials, that manufactures, synthesizes, repackages, labels or relabels cannabis.

[collapse]

Manufacturing Level 1 Marijuana - California Law

Level one manufacturers are restricted to producing medical cannabis via nonvolatile solvents.

[collapse]

Marijuana

A colloquial term for cannabis. Also, a Spanish term for a marijuana-like plant.

[collapse]

Medical Cannabis - California Law

A cannabis product that is sold for medicinal use to medical cannabis patients per The Compassionate Use Act of 1996, or Prop 215.

[collapse]

Medical Cannabis Product - California Law

A product that contains cannabis that is intended for medicinal purposes per Prop 215.

[collapse]

Medical Marijuana Card

A legal document that is issued by the state and identifies an individual’s status as a medical cannabis patient.

[collapse]

Medical Marijuana Recommendation

A formal document that is written by a doctor and that recommends cannabis as a way to treat or alleviate symptoms of an illness.

[collapse]

Meristem Pruning

A growing technique that results in larger, bushier cannabis plants.

[collapse]

Mist

Often refers to a mist of water via a spray bottle or irrigation hose for watering cannabis plants.

[collapse]

MMJ Doctor

A doctor who is licensed by the state and who can be consulted about the use of medical marijuana.

[collapse]

Mother Plant

An unfertilized female plant that is cloned or pollinated

[collapse]

Myrcene

An earthy smelling terpene that is found in certain cannabis strains.

[collapse]

N


Node

Refers to the shoots of leaf, flower or branch on a marijuana plant.

[collapse]

Nursery

A facility where immature plants are grown for transport upon reaching adulthood.

[collapse]

Nursery - California Law

A facility that may only produce seedlings, immature plants or seeds of medical cannabis plants.

[collapse]

O


OG

Often associated with Ocean Grow Kush, or OG Kush used to describe strains that originated in Southern California.

[collapse]

Oil

Any sort of hash oil.

[collapse]

Ounce

A unit of measurement equivalent to 28.3 kg. Also, the maximum legal possession limit for medical marijuana patients.

[collapse]

Outbreeding

A crossing of a female and male plant that are not closely related in order to introduce new genetic material into the offspring plants.

[collapse]

Outcross

Breeding between different populations of a closely related group of cannabis strains.

[collapse]

P


Permit - California Law

A legal document issued by local government to authorize individuals to operate within the cannabis industry.

[collapse]

Person with an Identification Card - California Law

An individual who has received a card that identifies them as a medical marijuana patient.

[collapse]

Phytocannabinoid - California Law

A chemical compound derived from cannabis.

[collapse]

Pot

A colloquial term for cannabis.

[collapse]

Pre-roll

A marijuana cigarette that is created, or rolled, by the dispensary.

[collapse]

Primary Caregiver - California Law

An individual who is caring for a medical cannabis patient.

[collapse]

PROPOSITION 64 - PROP-64

Also known as The Adult Use of Marijuana Act, this new law allows individuals who are over 21 years of age to possess and cultivate marijuana for recreational use.

[collapse]

PTSD

Short for Post Traumatic Stress Disorder. This is a psychological condition where marijuana has been proven to be effective.

[collapse]

Purps

Buds that are purple in color.

[collapse]

Q


QP

A quarter pound.

[collapse]

Quarter

7 grams or ¼ of an oz.

[collapse]

R


Recreational Marijuana

A term used to describe the use of cannabis products for recreational use. This type of usage does not require a recommendation from a medical doctor.

[collapse]

Reefer Madness

A film that attempted to showcase the negative effects of marijuana.

[collapse]

Registration - California Law

A state license.

[collapse]

Ruderalis

A type of marijuana species used in Russian and Mongolian folk medicine.

[collapse]

S


Sativa

A type of marijuana species. Sativa is characterized by tall plants with lighter, longer leaves.

[collapse]

Schwag

A harsh tasting, low-quality weed.

[collapse]

Seal-a-Meal

A plastic bag sealer designed for blocking the harsh smell of marijuana.

[collapse]

Senate Bill 420

Passed as an addendum to Prop 215, this bill clarified the terms of The Compassionate Use Act.

[collapse]

Sensimilla

High-grade street cannabis.

[collapse]

Shatter/Ice

A concentrated extract of cannabis with high THC content.

[collapse]

Sinsemilla

Cannabis that is derived from unpollinated female plants. Sinsemilla is known for its potency.

[collapse]

Skunk

A particularly pungent cannabis strain that is thought to have originated in California but was first popularized in the Netherlands.

[collapse]

Sponge Rock

A glassy volcanic rock that is used for cannabis cultivation.

[collapse]

Supercritical Extraction

Refers to a liquid carbon dioxide extraction of THC and CBD.

[collapse]

T


Terpenes

Small, highly aromatic byproducts of cannabis trichomes.

[collapse]

Testing Marijuana - California Law

All testing facilities must be licensed accordingly.

[collapse]

Testing Laboratory - California Law

A location that offers or performs medical cannabis testing.

[collapse]

THCV

Short for tetrahydrocannabivarin, which is an uplifting psychoactive cannabis component. Unlike THC, which stimulates appetite, THCV is an appetite suppressant.

[collapse]

Thiols

The sulfur-hydrogen molecules that are responsible for the “skunky” smell of some marijuana strains.

[collapse]

Tincture

An ethanol-based extract of cannabis that may be swallowed or used sublingually.

[collapse]

Topical Cannabis - California Law

A cannabis product that is intended only for external use.

[collapse]

Topicals

Designed to allow the application of medical marijuana trans-dermally. With topicals, the wearer will not become high but will experience pain relief.

[collapse]

Transport - California Law

The transport of medical cannabis between two licensed facilities.

[collapse]

Transporter - California Law

An individual who transports medical cannabis between two licensed facilities. Transporters are licensed by the state.

[collapse]

V


Vape – Vaporizer

A small device that vaporized marijuana for medical or recreational purposes.

[collapse]

Vape Pen

A portable vaporizer that can be used for smoking on the go.

[collapse]

Vegetative Stage

A stage within the cannabis life that typically lasts 4-6 weeks. During this stage, the plant cements its root system and grows foliage.

[collapse]

W


WAR ON DRUGS

A strict federal ban on drugs including marijuana that has cost taxpayers over $50 billion dollars and led to the incarceration of millions of individuals.

[collapse]

Wax

A form of cannabis oil that is inhaled by a method called dabbing.

[collapse]

Weed

A slang term for cannabis.

[collapse]

Wetting Agent

A compound that reduces water droplet size and increases absorption. The agent facilitates the absorption of water and nutrients.

[collapse]

Z


Zero Zero

A type of hash made exclusively from trichomes. This is considered high-quality.

[collapse]